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To build gnome2 using the packages:
 

pkg_add -r gnome2
 

or

cd /usr/ports/x11/gnome2
make clean && make install clean

 

Now our desktop environment was ready! Hey, how about to start it?
 

To make our GNOME desktop started at boot time
add the following line to /etc/rc.conf :
 

gnome_enable="YES"
 

If you just wanna test without rebooting your server, just run all of these services gdm, hal, d-bus and avahi:
 

/usr/local/etc/rc.d/dbus start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/avahi-daemon.sh start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/avahi-dnsconfd.sh start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/hald start
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/gdm start

 

To start our GNOME under X without using GDM but via typing startx add the following line to ~/.xsession or ~/.xinitrc for current user:
 

exec gnome-session